Laser dentistry involves the use of specialized instruments that produce intense concentrated beams of light. This focused heat energy is used to perform various types of dental procedures.
A dental laser consists of an electricity source and mirrors that guide the beam of light, gas or solid matter through which the light passes, and a tube for guiding the light. There are different types of dental lasers. Their design and wavelengths of light used depend upon application. The dental laser first identifies the area to be targeted. The intensity and duration of heat, wavelength of the laser beam, and pulse time depends upon the dental procedure being performed.
Laser dentistry offers several significant advantages over traditional dentistry techniques. These advantages include:
- Laser dentistry is precise and reduces recovery time.
- Laser dentistry is minimally invasive. Even when surgery is required, the procedure is virtually painless with minimum swelling or bleeding.
- Laser treatment does not stress or crack teeth the way conventional drills can.
- Cosmetic gum treatment can be performed without surgery.
- Lasers can be used to target any area in the mouth.
- Risk of infection is reduced because the laser light beam sterilizes the target area.
- Lasers can bond cavity fillings to the teeth more securely then traditional cavity filling techniques.
- The need for anesthesia and numbing injections is reduced.